National Energy Efficiency Policy, Strategy and Action Plan in the electricity sector in Cameroon (final report)

If electricity consumption in Cameroon were to continue along current lines (please see description of the electricity context in Annex 1), it would lead to a growing imbalance between supply and demand. This could be only partially offset by the planned investments in new production capacities and, even then, only if these capacities could be implemented within the scheduled time frame and the considerable financial resources required could be raised.

Therefore, it is essential to implement an effective energy efficiency policy for the electricity sector as soon as possible, so as to enable a relatively short-term reduction of the pressure on demand. However, beyond the anticipated impact in terms of spreading out the investments required to equip the country with additional electricity-generating capacity, the formulation and development of such an energy efficiency policy must be seen as the foundation of any subsequent energy policy. This should help to avoid, or at least limit, the perpetual headlong rush towards new production capacities which, even when based on the use of alternative energy forms to fossil fuels, still require heavy investment and significant financing.
The sustainability of the energy efficiency policy to be put in place is therefore a fundamental criterion during its conceptual development

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